Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease. It is also known as breakbone fever. In some patients, it can lead to the severity and even fatal. In this article, we will learn about dengue prevention and control. Symptoms of dengue may range from mild fever to severe symptoms like dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Severe dengue symptoms need immediate medical intervention.
There is no specific medicine to treat dengue and symptomatic treatment is done for dengue. So, early detection of symptoms can help in treating dengue. The best way to prevent dengue fever is to avoid mosquitoes. That is why regular pest control for mosquitoes is essential.
The bite of an infected Aedes aegypti causes dengue fever. Dengue is caused by any of the four viruses namely, Dengue virus 1, Dengue virus 2, Dengue virus 3, and Dengue virus 4. That is why a person may get infected four times in his or her lifetime with the dengue virus. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes also spread diseases such as chikungunya, Zika, and others.
The dengue virus remains in the blood for 2-7 days after the mosquito bite and within this time, the person gets a fever. If the person already has the dengue virus, the disease gets transmitted by a mosquito biting the infected person when the first symptoms begin, that is, within 4 to 5 days after the bite.
Symptoms of dengue varies according to the severity of the disease. Studies show that 75% of dengue patients do not have any visible symptoms. Many symptoms of dengue are similar to the flu. The symptoms of dengue start from four to ten days after the person is bitten by an infected mosquito.
Dengue is classified into three types. They are:
Classic dengue fever
Dengue hemorrhagic fever
Dengue shock syndrome
Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome are fatal, so we must take enough measures to do pest control for mosquitoes so that the spreading of dengue can be prevented.
Pain in muscles and joints
Pain behind the eyes
Nausea and vomiting
These symptoms last for two to seven days and most people get well in one week.
Around 0.5% to 5% of cases of dengue become severe and can be life-threatening. The symptoms are:
Blood in the stool
Bleeding from gums or nose
Weak and rapid pulse
A reduced difference between diastolic and systolic pressure
Immediate medical advice is needed if these symptoms are seen
Dengue fever is spread by mosquito bites. So, the most important step towards the prevention of dengue is to prevent mosquitoes. Find below the important ways to prevent dengue, including pest control for mosquitoes.
To prevent mosquitoes, mosquito repellent creams must be used every time we go out. The duration of protection varies from 6-8 hours depending on the cream’s brand. Some people may get allergies after using mosquito-repellent creams, so a patch test must be done before applying mosquito-repellent creams.
Other mosquito repellents are mosquito patches, repellent bands, and mosquito wipes. Mosquito wipes, bands, and patches are used for kids as they are non-toxic.
During mosquito season, the use of mosquito nets should be mandatory. If possible, mosquito net must be used on windows to prevent mosquitoes from entering. It is advisable to wear full sleeves clothes and long pants so that no part of the body is exposed. The lesser you expose your body, the lower the chances of mosquito bites.
Mosquitoes are responsible for dengue fever and breed in a stagnant pool of clean water. So, you must not allow the accumulation of water inside and around your house. Keep unused flower pots upside down.
Check the AC and air cooler for water accumulation on a regular basis. Throw away water from unused tubes, pots, etc. so that mosquitoes cannot breed there. Not allowing water accumulation is an effective way of pest control for mosquitoes.
If you live in an area where large numbers of mosquitoes are found, you can use insecticides to kill and prevent mosquitoes. Some people may be allergic to best chemical for mosquito control sprays so you can use mosquito control sprays with organic and natural ingredients. But, to keep mosquitoes away, we have to use these sprays on a regular basis.
Regular cleaning of the house using mosquito deterrents can prevent mosquitoes from entering your house. The use of electronic vaporizers in every room of your house will help in keeping mosquitoes at bay. While cleaning the floors, you can put a drop of lemongrass or citronella in the water as they repel mosquitoes.
No matter how well you try to prevent mosquitoes from entering your house, they keep coming. Hiring a professional for regular pest control for dengue will help you get effective and long-lasting results. Professional pest control for mosquitoes uses the right material and tools and the latest techniques to kill mosquitoes and destroy their breeding grounds.
Dengue is a common mosquito-borne viral disease that usually gets better within a few days with a proper course of treatment. Proper preventive measures must be taken to prevent mosquito bites. Along with the use of mosquito nets, regular pest control for dengue is an effective way to prevent mosquitoes so that they cannot spread dengue.